European Journal of Creative Practices in Cities and Landscapes https://cpcl.unibo.it/ The <strong>European Journal of Creative Practices in Cities and Landscapes (CPCL) – ISSN 2612-0496</strong> is a biannual open-access peer-reviewed journal that aims to publish innovative and original papers on cultural heritage in the built environment as a set of creative practices. Dept. of Architecture, Univ. of Bologna; Hist. of Architecture and Urban Planning, TU Delf en-US European Journal of Creative Practices in Cities and Landscapes 2612-0496 Copyrights and publishing rights of all the texts on this journal belong to the respective authors without restrictions.<div><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></div><p>This journal is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> (<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">full legal code</a>). <br /> See also our <a href="/about/editorialPolicies#openAccessPolicy">Open Access Policy</a>.</p> Challenging the Cosmopolitanism and Resilience of the Port city of Kochi through N.S Madhavan’s novel Litanies of Dutch Battery https://cpcl.unibo.it/article/view/12134 <p>Maritime India has been exposed to transformations both in terms of political and social processes due to the exchange of commodities, men and material. The main focus of the current essay is on the port- city of Kochi, and the consequent encounters in the Indian Ocean for black gold (pepper) in the past, which have helped in shaping a cosmopolitanism that we see today. The paper probes into the formation of a community-based ‘world view’ and reclamations of a historic past in the imagination of indigenous people through fictional narratives as against the popular Eurocentric viewpoint.</p> <p>Drawing on the regional fictional narratives of writers like N.S Madhavan and historic research available in the area, it is argued that these encounters have resulted in the creation of a unique maritime consciousness, glocalization and incorporation of a fabric of inclusivity in the social realm, which has bestowed upon the locals of the littoral an ability to perforate seamlessly into alien cultures and accommodate to the changes the trans-ocean encounters brought forth. The paper also brings forth various modes of indigenous re-constructions, which have contributed in interrogating and tracing the historic past as embedded in memory and public opinion.</p> Maya Vinai Copyright (c) 2021 Maya Vinai https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 4 2 16 35 10.6092/issn.2612-0496/12134 Heritage Words: Exploring Port City Terms https://cpcl.unibo.it/article/view/12149 <p>The “port-city heritage” has recently gained more scholarly and professional attention. Yet, many questions remain in terms of terminology, characteristics, constituents or applicability of such a group of heritage objects. Understanding and defining the port city terms is crucial as it is intimately connected to what citizens and institutions deem valuable and choose to preserve. This article serves as the first step towards developing a shared vocabulary, as the foundation for a better understanding of specific values or identities inherent in port cities. In the world heritage list, we identified 107 sites related to port city. By decoding and analyzing the short abstracts of these sites with a systematic approach, we tried to understand how UNESCO conceptualize port-city heritage, how UNESCO acknowledge the value of port-city heritage sites, what the problematic issues are in this conceptualization and why, and how the historical urban landscape approach can contextualize the sites in larger networks and flows. Findings indicate the port-city heritage conceptualized by UNESCO is focused very much on local contexts, and of OUV that are mostly related to the military, trading and colonial practices. We argue such limited vision on the valuing of port-city heritage impair the understanding of complex linkages between nature and culture, one port-city and another, global and local values, and after all the systematic thinking of port-city-region as a networked entity.</p> Tianchen Dai Carola Hein Dan Baciu Copyright (c) 2021 Tianchen Dai, Dan Baciu, Carola Hein https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 4 2 36 59 10.6092/issn.2612-0496/12149 In the Minds of People. Port-City Perspectives, the Case of Rotterdam https://cpcl.unibo.it/article/view/12380 <p>Following the geographical ‘Any-Port Model’, urban design has stipulated and enforced the disunion of port and city over the recent decades. In conjunction with other disciplines, the emphasis has laid at dislocation of production activities in favor of logistic-productive dynamics. At the same time, professional focus was on the urban areas where most citizens are. While this practice has led to redevelopment of abandoned harbor areas too, foremost the approach stimulated stronger physical boundaries between lived city and the remaining and new harbor areas. This article describes the application of the dominant model in Rotterdam over the recent decades, on the base of literature review, and, it confronts this with the concepts of Rotterdam which are in the minds of professionals-in-training, through method of ‘mental mapping’. On the one hand, mainly harbor areas are memorized when respondents are asked to draw the port-city of Rotterdam, even though its efficient port infrastructure makes public space in these areas rare, and most harbors are located behind inaccessible borders. On the other hand, civic areas, which have a refined network of public spaces and are places for daily life, reveal also all kinds of tangible and intangible signs and symbols related to characteristics of the port-city when memorized; even more. Various elements, linked to water-land or the flows of goods, people, and ideas, dominate the minds of the people when they think of Rotterdam in general. These outcomes reconfirm the unique unity of port and city and provide a way to find an alternative or supplementary model accepting the complex nature of port-cities.</p> Maurice Harteveld Copyright (c) 2021 Maurice Harteveld https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 4 2 60 81 10.6092/issn.2612-0496/12380 The Decaying Port City as a Tourist Destination. Valparaíso’s Commodified Decline https://cpcl.unibo.it/article/view/12139 <p>This article explores the neoliberal transformation of Valparaíso from a deindustrialised, declining city to a site of tourist appeal that commodifies, in an ambivalent but striking way, its own decay. We describe the city’s economic, social and cultural trajectory from a period of global importance as a key port city to deindustrialisation and the acceleration of the city’s decline and the imposition of violent economic policies between 1970s and 90s. Drawing on the notion of slow violence and critical literature around heritage, postcolonial, deindustrial and ‘poverty’ tourism, we trace the impact and materiality of economic abandonment into the present moment, together with the city’s contemporary reliance on tourism for economic survival through a form of dereliction tourism. In a port city like Valparaíso, which has suffered economic decline, widening inequality and precariousness, of which neoliberalism is one cause, the full plasticity and ambivalence of neoliberalization processes is revealed.</p> Rachel Seoighe Hernán Cuevas Valenzuela Copyright (c) 2021 Rachel Seoighe, Hernán Cuevas Valenzuela https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 4 2 82 107 10.6092/issn.2612-0496/12139 A Call for Value Literacy in Port City Transitions https://cpcl.unibo.it/article/view/12393 <p>Over the last decades, values have been re-addressed in planning, policies, businesses, heritage and education. While these fields seem to agree on the importance of values, it is often unclear what actors mean by values, and how they use these values to shape decisions. A decade after a global financial crisis, in the midst of a global pandemic, and on the eve of global climate emergencies, difficult choices need to be made to safeguard a sustainable future. These choices call for value-driven deliberations, especially in the globally connected, multi-problem environment of the port city. To do that, however, stakeholders need to know what they mean when they talk about values, and how to deliberate them. In other words: they need to be value literate. In this article, we study the concept of value and values in the context of port cities in the past, present and future. After an analysis of historical uses of values in port cities, we assess six projects that explicitly and implicitly deal with values in port cities, to explore methods or strategies that can help to elicit values in different phases of decision making processes.</p> Carola Hein Ingrid Mulder Hilde Sennema Copyright (c) 2021 Carola Hein, Ingrid Mulder, Hilde Sennema https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 4 2 108 129 10.6092/issn.2612-0496/12393 A Creative Approach to the Port-City Relationship: The Case of Zones Portuaires in Genoa https://cpcl.unibo.it/article/view/12129 <p class="p1"><span class="s1">One of the goals of 2030 AIVP Agenda is to strengthen port-city relationship by “promoting and capitalising on the specific culture and identity of port cities and allowing residents to develop a sense of pride and flourish as part of a city port community of interest” (6th goal). In order to do that, AIVP suggests to encourage the creation of Port Centres, to provide, by any means, daily news and information on port and city life for residents, particularly young people and school students and to organise temporary or permanent cultural events in port areas. This paper aims at presenting the Zones Portuaires Genoa experience as a device which since 2015 has experimented new methods for attending these objectives. The text will critically observe some projects that have been carried on within this process and will place them in the framework of a “research in action” approach. </span></p> Maria Elena Buslacchi Maria Pina Usai Copyright (c) 2021 Maria Elena Buslacchi, Maria Pina Usai https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 4 2 130 151 10.6092/issn.2612-0496/12129 Innovative Methods for Studying and Shaping Cultures in Port City Territories https://cpcl.unibo.it/article/view/14142 <p>Following part 1 of Port City Cultures, Values, and Maritime Mindsets, this&nbsp;issue explores how cultures of port city territories are put into words, visualized,&nbsp;and can even be shaped. Continuing the argument that port city territories&nbsp;merit particular attention due to their location at the border of sea&nbsp;and land and the presence of global and local interests and stakeholders&nbsp;of differing sizes, this issue emphasizes once more the role that culture,&nbsp;values, and mindsets can play in understanding the historical relations&nbsp;and socio-spatial features of port cities, their socio-cultural construction,&nbsp;and their future design. The issue emphasizes the value of considering&nbsp;ways of perceiving, defining, and classifying port cities in relation to social&nbsp;context and powerful processes of meaning-making in academia and in&nbsp;the wider society.</p> Carola Hein Sabine Luning Paul van de Laar Copyright (c) 2021 Carola Hein, Sabine Luning, Paul van de Laar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 4 2 7 15 10.6092/issn.2612-0496/14142 The Maritime Mindset: A Conceptual and Practical Exploration of Mapping Port Cities https://cpcl.unibo.it/article/view/14141 <p>Centuries of trade have left their traces in the culture and society of port cities. This paper explores the usefulness of the concept “maritime mindset” to recognize these traces, and analyses it from different disciplinary perspectives. In the second part, it proposes the practice of “deep mapping” as a methodology of identifying and documenting expressions of maritime culture and trade in public space. In conclusion, it addresses some questions that are crucial when addressing a maritime mindset, such as whether it is a top-down or bottom-up mindset, which spatial scale it entails, and whose values and interests the mindset represents. Ultimately, we argue that (deep) mapping can play a role in producing a more layered spatial, social and cultural understanding of the complex nature of port cities.</p> Hilde Sennema Vincent Baptist Tianchen Dai Yingying Gan Yvonne van Mil Thomas van den Brink Carola Hein Copyright (c) 2021 Hilde Sennema, Vincent Baptist, Tianchen Dai, Yingying Gan, Yvonne van Mil, Thomas van den Brink, Carola Hein https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 4 2 152 163 10.6092/issn.2612-0496/14141 Landscape Perspectives for the Port-City Relationship. Reporting from the Workshops of Taranto, Brindisi and Bari https://cpcl.unibo.it/article/view/13835 <p>This article delivers the report of a cycle of three workshops dedicated to urban water and port city landscape, which took place in Taranto (2018), Brindisi (2019) and Bari (2021). These experiences, co-ordinated by Prof. Michael Jakob and Ing. Arch. Maria Cristina Petralla, aimed to analyse the current status and design the future of these territories, focusing on their landscape elements. The coexistence and overlapping of different spatial uses and conflicts have been investigated, between development and protection. Common elements and differences of each port city’s cultural heritage were evaluated, in order to develop a coherent landscape-oriented approach that can lay the foundations for an inclusive and resilient re-design process. After a short overview regarding the water culture and maritime mindset of each case studio and the specificities of each workshop, the article reflects on the role of participative workshops as practices enabling collaborative decision-making and fostering the recognition of the port cityscape as a driver of shared development perspective.</p> Amina Chouairi Silvia Sivo Copyright (c) 2021 Amina Chouairi, Silvia Sivo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 4 2 164 177 10.6092/issn.2612-0496/13835 Harbouring Creativity from the Channel to the Black Sea https://cpcl.unibo.it/article/view/14143 <p>The article tells the story of three Port-Cities: Le Havre (France), Taranto (Italy) and Turku (Finland). Creative development strategies turn the cities’ port into a key element for a new urban identity, one that is more connected to creative heritage and culture and less with industrial exploitation. Through interviews with local actors, the narration of such strategies acquires a privileged point of view that embraces creativity, innovation, as regenerative forces for these strategic assets.</p> Anthony Colclough Copyright (c) 2021 Anthony Colclough https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 4 2 178 186 10.6092/issn.2612-0496/14143