European Journal of Creative Practices in Cities and Landscapes The <strong>European Journal of Creative Practices in Cities and Landscapes (CPCL) – ISSN 2612-0496</strong> is a biannual open-access peer-reviewed journal that aims to publish innovative and original papers on cultural heritage in the built environment as a set of creative practices. en-US Copyrights and publishing rights of all the texts on this journal belong to the respective authors without restrictions.<div><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></div><p>This journal is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> (<a href="">full legal code</a>). <br /> See also our <a href="/about/editorialPolicies#openAccessPolicy">Open Access Policy</a>.</p> (Martina Massari) (OJS Support) Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 seaUbarcelona <p>As a result of doing the Contemporary Projects Design Critique workshop at the Master of Landscape Architecture (UPC), we explore and define a new strategy to analyze and interact with the site of study, which we call Site Vibration Tool. In continuation, we tested the tool through the seaUbarcelona performance at the Port Vell of Barcelona waterfront. We came into a double conclusion. The first one, derivate from the site. Having as a start point, the Barcelona’s 92 strategy of opening the city to the sea, we think over how that strategy has respond those 92 expectations in today’s reality and will transcend in the future of the city’s waterfront, considering the climate change. And in second place, an invitation to enter into our mind. The experience using Site Vibration Tool, we perceive and add tangible and intangible aspects of the place in a landscape proposal, encouraging our colleagues to incorporate it to their practice.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> Georgia Kountouri, Noelia Rodríguez Copyright (c) 2024 Georgia Kountouri, Noelia Rodríguez Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Mediterranean Imaginaries Paolo De Martino, John Hanna, Carola Hein Copyright (c) 2023 Paolo De Martino, John Hanna, Carola Hein Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 İzmir as Mediterranean Trade Port and Ottoman City in 19th Century <p>İzmir occupies a prominent place among the Mediterranean port cities of the 19th century. The city is quite similar to other port cities in terms of trade dynamics but differs from them in the diversity of actors who had a say in trade. It can easily be said that İzmir was one of the plateaus of 19th century capital competition. Especially in the 19th century, the city was considered the second capital of the Ottoman Empire after Istanbul and continued to be one of its most important ports. In this period, the architectural and urban arrangements made by the Ottoman government on a local scale, as well as the urban transportation interventions made with the initiatives of western countries, significantly affected the morphology of the city. In this context, the morphological transformation of İzmir in the 19th century, its position within local, regional, and global networks, and its relationship with urban interventions will be evaluated through maps, drawings and documents related to railways and transportation.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> Nil Nadire Gelişkan Copyright (c) 2024 Nil Nadire Gelişkan Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Land-Sea Spaces and Infrastructures: the Mediterranean as an Edge, a Continent, a Cluster <p>Looking for new visions and tools for land-sea integrated planning, the article aims to reason on a reconceptualization of the contemporary Mediterranean through exceptional cases of design and representation. Whether they are utopian projects from the early twentieth century, such as <em>Atlantropa </em>(1928), or up-to-date critical mappings, such as <em>Migrating Mediterranean </em>(2022), they are works aimed at capturing the heterogeneity and at the same time compactness of this millennial water basin. If the utopian project of <em>Atlantropa</em> took the coastal edge of the Mediterranean as its main area of action, irreversibly modifying its morphology through new infrastructures, the critical map <em>Migrating Mediterranean </em>reverses the interpretation by focusing on the aquatic surface and, actually, on the multiple ways of settlement and circulation on and across the sea. Through these interpretations, the Mediterranean is seen time to time as an edge, a continent and a cluster. In the latter meaning – the Mediterranean as a cluster – its relational potential emerges proposing it as a key area for experimentation in the field of infrastructure and osmotic land-sea circulation. The perspective offered by the cluster regime turns the <em>Mare Nostrum</em> into a quintessential workspace for testing the new tactics offered by <em>spatial clustering</em>.</p> Beatrice Moretti, Francesco Garofalo, Davide Servente Copyright (c) 2024 Beatrice Moretti, Francesco Garofalo, Davide Servente Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Atlas of Mediterranean Liquidity: Immerse - A Submerged Map to Reveal Hidden Connections Between Water and Anthropic Life in Genoa <p class="western" style="line-height: 200%; margin-bottom: 0.21cm;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">The focus of the research carried out by Zones Portuaires and Corpi Idirici for the digital map of Genoa is water. The map is broken down into the theme of the "immersed" with a dual meaning of "invisible underground or underwater'' due to it being submerged or forced, and of "invisible - unknown or hidden" as a result of it being abandoned or unused. The map tells the stories of a select number of noteworthy places along fresh and saltwater routes, land and maritime passages, stories made invisible by anthropogenic hyper-infrastructures and immersed in physical conditions that lack knowledge and accessibility. The phenomenon has been studied from a point of view that moves from the sea to the hinterland and </span></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><em>vice versa</em></span></span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> using a transdisciplinary approach method of investigation and restitution that makes use of the hybridization between artistic practice and scientific research.</span></span></p> Maria Pina Usai, Juan López Cano, Avital Barak Copyright (c) 2024 Maria Pina Usai, Juan Lopez Cano, Avital Barak Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Towards an Island-based Narrative of the Western Mediterranean Borderscape – Continental Islands as Condensers and Laboratories <p>This article proposes to contribute towards this aims by analysing through a <em>borderscaping</em> approach the remote micro-islands and enclaves which constitute the EUro-mediterranean Southern border, namely Ceuta, Melilla, the Canary Islands, Gibraltar and the Pelagie islands. The article examines these territories as precursors and testing grounds in the implementation of ‘Fortress EUrope’; before focusing on their historical role as core of highly-integrated cross-border regions. It concludes on the potential of these territories as testing grounds of novel trans-Mediterranean narratives and political practices.</p> Isabella Traeger Copyright (c) 2024 Isabella Traeger Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Convergence and Divergence in Mediterranean Port Cities <p>The history of the Mediterranean region and its port cities is crucial in understanding the origin and development of many modern societies. These cities have always been characterized by their interdependent relationships, forming an essential part of a system of crucial regional and international routes, made possible and enriched by the sea. Simultaneously, these cities have been able to preserve their urban values while continuously adapting to new requirements and circumstances, making them ideal case studies of urban resilience. Despite their decisive role in the emergence of the global economic system, these cities have received little attention from the humanities and social sciences. This article aims to consider the Mediterranean port cities in relation to their historical context, their urban model, and their intrinsic and shared conditions. For this purpose, a narrative literature review is developed, with reference authors on this topic. Additionally, fiction resources are explored as a complementary research method based on the intersections between description and invention in three projects focused on the Mediterranean region and its port cities.</p> Rafael Sousa Santos Copyright (c) 2024 Rafael Sousa Santos Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Bridging the Gap: Morphological Mapping of the Beqaa’s Vernacular Built Environment <p> </p> <p><span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span>Located 30 km inland from Lebanon’s coast, The Beqaa Valley (or Beqaa Plains) is considered the agricultural backbone of the country. The Beqaa’s built geographies were shaped by the political and economic hierarchies established by the Roman and Ottoman Empires and revised by the French Mandate. Local and regional economic hardships in the last six decades have led the Beqaa to cycle through periods of decline and recovery, with quick introductions of infrastructural technologies, spurts of loosely regulated building development, and hasty innovations in industrial activity. In this vein, ‘reflexive realism’ concepts of risk regime, logic of production, topographical fragmentation, and internal connectivity, are useful to examine how towns and cities in the Beqaa developed, deteriorated, and adjusted. However, spatial evidence that would inform such inquiries in Rayak, Beqaa, is far from similar to evidence observed in Beirut. Urban morphology research techniques combined with the concept of vernacular architecture can help decode the layers and uses of the built environment. This article introduces a mapping workflow that typologizes built fabrics using five morphological criteria (streets, density, open space, architectural character, and land use) to construct a spatial narrative that can begin characterizing the nature of the Beqaa’s cities and towns.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> Lynn Abdouni Copyright (c) 2024 Lynn Abdouni Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Adaptive Strategies in Naples and Beirut: Methodology, Scenario Thinking and Design Fiction <p>Port cities are places at the edge of sea and land, where flows of goods and people create unique spaces, institutions and cultures, often over long periods of time. History matters when it comes to understanding and designing the future of port cities such as the two ancient Mediterranean cities of Beirut and Naples, where institutions and spaces are the result of longue durée histories. Long-standing spatial and institutional frameworks in these cities have influenced recent plans. In the Italian city of Naples, historic spaces and practices have impeded transformation, because port and city authorities are pursuing divergent and historically established goals while many industrial sites, including areas used by oil industry, await redevelopment. In Beirut, reconstruction following the tragic explosion of 2020, which significantly damaged both port and city, shaping and perhaps limiting the present and future of the city. This article analyses the historic development and the opportunities for future planning of Naples and Beirut through the lens of the Adaptive Strategies course, a master-level course coordinated by Carola Hein and co-taught with Paolo De Martino and John Hanna at TU Delft in 2022. Students, through imaginative methods, rethought the relationship between land and water, port and city, questioning current planning models and imagining new resilient and adaptive processes.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> Paolo De Martino, John Hanna, Carola Hein Copyright (c) 2024 Paolo De Martino, John Hanna, Carola Hein Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Designing a Waterspace in a Sea of Land. The Basso Ferrarese: a Territory Poised Between Reclamations and Sea Level Rising <p>The Basso Ferrarese area in the Po Delta is an undecided place, suspended between land and sea, in search of its future. Its current conformation derives from a history linked first to a large marshy basin, then to centuries of reclamation. Although the reclamations have helped the agricultural use of the land, at the same time they have caused the disentanglement between population and site. At the same time, the threat of rising sea levels is looming. Through a series of journeys, the current landscapes of that <em>sea of land</em> that today forms the Basso Ferrarese have been recorded. A sea made up of many levels that limit and direct the reclamation channels. In a strong state of abandonment, what can be the future of the area? Through the creation of an imaginary for the water space and the study of the needs of a case study, 5 design actions have been identified to decolonize the delta from the land and regain contact with the water, at the same time preparing for the rise of the sea.</p> Rosa Grasso Copyright (c) 2024 Rosa Grasso Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200 An Action Plan for the Mediterranean: a Case of EU Policy Transfer to the Mediterranean Basin <p> </p> <p><span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span>Although for millennia the Mediterranean has facilitated the exchange of goods and people, in recent decades, it has been treated as a border between continents, nations and supranational institutions, with the European Union on one side and MENA region on the other. Yet pressing issues related to migration, climate change and pollution reveal problems with the border approach. In 1995, the Barcelona Process culminated in the creation of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) and the UfM Urban Agenda in an attempt to better connect countries around the Mediterranean. To concretise this agenda, TU Delft and the authors of this text were invited to work with DG-Regio, UNESCO, the EIB (European Investment Bank), and the ministries in charge of spatial planning in Member States, to draft the UfM Strategic Action Plan for Sustainable Urban Development. The goal of the Action Plan is to enhance the strategic and integrative value of spatial planning interventions in each country. Based on the personal reflections of the authors and the detailed communication with the institutions involved in the making of the plan, the article presents the history and the conceptual framework of the making of the UfM Strategic Action Plan. It concludes by highlighting the hurdles that the UfM Strategic Action Plan faces as a new transnational policy framework for the transfer of policy from the European Union to the MENA region (Middle East and the North of Africa). Such challenges are not only based on content, but they are also related to the frames and structures within which policy is developed and exchanged.<span class="Apple-converted-space"> </span></p> Roberto Rocco, Carola Hein, Remon Rooij Copyright (c) 2024 Roberto Rocco, Carola Hein, Remon Rooij Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0200